prison street gang member statistics

Gang Member Statistics

Gang Member Statistics Data
Total number of gang members in the U.S. 1,150,000
Number of street and prison gangs in the U.S. 24,250
Percent of gang members who are under 18 years of age 40 %
Percent of gang members who are female 8 %
Percent of juvenile boys in a correctional facility with gang affiliation 90 %
Percent of U.S. cities with 100,000+ population that reported gang activity 86 %
Percent of Gangs Involved in The Following Activities Percent
Drug Trafficking 63 %
Assault 44 %
Threats / Intimidation 41 %
Robbery 38 %
Burglary 29 %
Weapons Trafficking 27 %
Larceny / Theft 25 %
Motor Vehicle Theft 22 %
Gang Member Race Breakdown Percent
Black gang members 31 %
Hispanic gang members 47 %
White gang members 13 %
Asian gang members 7 %
Other 2 %
Largest Identified National Gangs Percent Identified With
Bloods 25 %
Crips 19 %
SureƱos 9 %
Latin Kings 6.5 %
United Blood Nation 6 %
Gangster Disciples 3.2 %
Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs 2.6 %
Others 28.7 %
FBI Gang Reports (5 Year Aveages) Annual Average
Gang complaints filed with the FBI 1,401
Gang member arrests 7,370
Gang member indictments 3,689
Gang member convictions 2,758
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A gang is a group of recurrently associating individuals or close friends with identifiable leadership and internal organization, identifying with or claiming control over territory in a community, and engaging either individually or collectively in violent or other forms of illegal behavior. Gang members are typically "jumped in" or have to prove their loyalty by committing acts such as theft or violence. Although gangs exist internationally, there is a greater level of study and knowledgeable information of gangs specifically in the United States. A member of a gang is called a gangster.

History of Gangs
Chicago had over 1,000 gangs in the 1920s. These early gangs had reputations for many criminal activities, but in most countries could not profit from drug trafficking prior to drugs being made illegal by laws such as the 1912 International Opium Convention and the 1919 Volstead Act. Gang involvement in drug trafficking increased during the 1970s and 1980s, but some gangs continue to have minimal involvement in the trade.

In 2007, there were approximately 785,000 active street gang members in the United States, according to the National Youth Gang Center. In 2011, the National Gang Intelligence Center of the Federal Bureau of Investigation asserted that "There are approximately 1.4 million active street, prison, and outlaw gang members comprising more than 33,500 gangs in the United States." Approximately 230,000 gang members were in U.S. prisons or jails in 2011.
Statistic Verification
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigations
Research Date: February 28th, 2016

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